Conflict, drought, floods, and now locust and COVID-19 pandemic have undermined social and economic development in Somalia. These shocks are drivers of vulnerability which make access to basic social services extremely low. This has left the communities with socio-economic vulnerabilities that demand more resources hence reducing the priority of education. The education system has suffered widespread loss and damage; leaving it with limited capacity and resources. Access has been historically low with more than 3 million children out of schools in Somalia and a national Gross Enrolment Rate (GER) for primary education at 30% for primary level and 26% for secondary level. According to the 2018 Somalia, Joint Multi-Cluster Needs Assessment 58% of girls in the host community and 75% among IDPs girls were not attending schools. In addition, the dropout rate of the host community is around 30%, and IDPs around 17%. These national figures hide significantly worse regional-level variations.

There are an estimated 497,000 internally displaced people (IDPs) in Banadir according to the 2019 Humanitarian Needs Overview. This huge caseload has the majority of them children and adolescents with only 17% of school-age children accessing education services. A high number of children not accessing schools and dropping out of school is a major concern as girls are forced into early marriages and boys recruited into armed groups and expose to other vices. With the drought condition in Somalia, access to education continues to be undermined with an estimated 648,000 school-going children at increased risk of dropping out of schools due to the worsening drought situation. 

The response will focus on mitigating the impact of the drought/flood and conflict on education by ensuring increased access to education and retention of children in schools. Education in Emergency assistance will also be provided to children who are at increased risk of dropping out of school due to the worsening drought situation. Attention will be focused on the vulnerable and marginalized girls and boys, including IDPs. This will ensure that children and youth affected by crisis have inclusive access to quality life-saving education. It will strive to improve access to girls’ education by addressing barriers such as early marriage, lack of awareness of the benefits of girls’ education, teachers’ gender responsiveness and gender-appropriate facilities.


Somali Community Concern (SCC) is a Somali national organization that has been an endeavor to operate in Somalia for the 28 years of civil unrest and supported vulnerable IDP communities who have settled or squatted in government premises, factories, Afgoye corridor, and other suburbs of the capital city. SCC has dedicated much of its effort to being part of the humanitarian aid organizations that have done intervention largely in the different sectors of humanitarian assistance in the country including education, WASH, Protection, and Food security for a better improvement of the lives of many vulnerable Somali citizens. As the security situations and political upheavals are escalating day after day in a way which many of the Somalis do not satisfy, we know that so large numbers of families sought refuge outskirt of the capital city and have settled over there. 

The main target of SCC is to provide free-of-charge education that has been feathered with a high-quality syllabus that embraces as well interprets the natural interest of the children from IDPs and establishes WASH-friendly schools for the good hygienic environment in Mogadishu IDP settlements. WASH-friendly schools are growing movement throughout the world, with UNICEF being one of the pioneer promoters. WASH-friendly schools are being created more rapidly and with great commitment from the health and education sectors. This is in recognition that schools should be models for the community, and school children can be powerful motors of change and adoption of new behaviors.

Most of the SCZ communities live in a nomadic culture and subsistence farming. Unfortunately, there were successive conflicts and drought in the past seasons in the country and the consequence of the drought created new IDPs pouring into neighboring towns, especially in the suburb of the Banadir region, along Afgoye road. These new IDPs made the situation worse for the former IDPs which were living in alarming conditions. SCC carefully follows up on the situation and disseminating reports to international institutions. So far SCC implemented 9 Education in Emergency projects from July 2010 with UNICEF, SHF, Human Relief Foundation (HRF), and Education Cannot Wait (ECW) responding to EiE gaps in IDP settlements of Banadir, Lower and Middle Shabelle regions. The total target number of beneficiaries benefitted during this decade is 69,670 consisting of (13,930 boys, 10,447 girls, 20,901 men, and 24,385 women)